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Getting Down to the Fundamentals of Diabetes

Diabetes is a disorder which makes the blood glucose levels are above the standard level. This results from the inability of the glucose to get into the cells. As a result, the cells start starving for their food which is glucose. Glucose is obtained by the body in the food eaten. The liver and muscles also supply your body with glucose. The sugar is transported by the blood throughout the body. The high blood glucose level causes diabetes.

Diabetes can cause serious health problems like kidney failure, blindness, and heart ailments. It is important for patients who have diabetes to have a physician that will be closely monitoring and treat their cholesterol levels and their blood pressure. They will be able to run glucose levels tests.

There are different kinds of diabetes but the basic features are the same. In every type of diabetes, there is an underlying reason why the body is not able to utilize the levels of glucose for energy which causes the levels of glucose in the body to build up above the normal level. The principal kinds of diabetes are two: type2 and type 1. Type 1 is diagnosed in children and young adults where the pancreas doesn’t make any insulin. In type 2 diabetes the body is not able to make enough insulin. At times the cells in the body ignore the insulin. This makes them to not use glucose the right way. Insulin resistance is the name used to refer to the cells ignoring the insulin.
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There’s a sort of diabetes that pregnant women get when they are expectant called gestational diabetes. It will disappear when the pregnancy is over and can cause difficulties for the mom and infant, when it is not treated. The risk factors for type 2 diabetes include old age, obesity, family history of diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance and physical inactivity. For type 1 diabetes genetic and environmental factors are involved by the risk factors.
Getting Down To Basics with Resources

A person who thinks that he has diabetes should visit a physician for a diagnosis. The symptoms include extreme hunger, excessive thirst, unexplained weight loss, frequent urination, sudden vision changes and feeling of the time. The skin may be dry and have sores that are slow to heal. For diabetes type 1, the signs may include sudden vomiting or stomach aches that are sharp.

There are many things which will need to be done to control diabetes. For type 1 diabetes, healthy eating, physical activity, and insulin injections are the basic therapies. The amount of insulin taken must be balanced with food intake and daily activities. Patients with type 1 diabetes should have their blood sugar levels closely monitored. The basic therapies for type 2 diabetes are healthy eating, physical activity, and blood glucose testing.